National Statement of Germany on the G4 model during the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform, 7 March 2024

IGN - Security Council Reform

IGN - Security Council Reform, © Permanent Representation of Germany to the UN

07.03.2024 - Speech

The statement was delivered by Ambassador Thomas Zahneisen, Deputy Permanent Representative.


At the outset, it will come as no surprise that I fully align myself with the statement delivered by her Excellency, the Permanent Representative of India, Ambassador Kaboj, on behalf of the “Group of Four.” I would like to add a few words in national capacity.

First and foremost, and there I repeat myself from previous sessions, I wish to reaffirm our unwavering support for the Co-Chair’s approach to deliberate on individual models during this session of the IGN.

We would also like to extend our sincere gratitude for the opportunity to introduce our model today.

Second, on substance, I want to come back to what Ambassador Kamboj so eloquently outlined in her presentation.

It is the fact that the current composition of the Security Council fails to accurately reflect the contemporary geopolitical landscape of our world.

Yes, we may differ on the way forward and we may differ on which model to apply, but we firmly believe this sentiment and this analysis that reform is overdue is shared by the overwhelming majority of member states, and I see that many of you today have mentioned that in your statements.

It remains our firm conviction that if we want to overcome the current stalemate and create a truly effective, efficient and representative Security Council, we need expansion of both categories, permanent and non-permanent.

Any other approach will fall short of the objective.

Our primary rationale in advocating for equitable representation within the Security Council is to rectify historical injustices faced by underrepresented regions, notably Africa, as well as Latin America and the Caribbean.

The selection of new members, whether permanent or non-permanent, will be ultimately determined by an election process in the General Assembly, in line with the provisions of the UN Charter. In particular Article 23 of the Charter emphasizes the consideration of Member States' contributions to international peace and security, as well as geographical distribution.

Following the path set out in the Charter, we firmly believe that the G4 model offers a comprehensive framework that responds to both of these criteria.

Germany is steadfast in its conviction that the presented model is the most realistic path to pave the way for a reformed Council.

It allows for more legitimate and effective representation by giving more countries the opportunity to serve in the Council. At the same time, it will profoundly change the dynamics within the Council.

Naturally, we remain open to constructive discussions regarding the specifics of our proposal.

We also stand ready to make revisions aimed at garnering broader support.

I thank you.

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