National Statement of Germany, in addition to G4 Statement (Brazil, Germany, India, Japan) during the Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform, 22 January 2024

22.01.2024 - Speech

The Statement was delivered by Ambassador Thomas Zahneisen, Deputy Permanent Representative of Germany.

Germany aligns itself with the statement delivered by Japan today on behalf of the G4. Allow me to add some additional points from our national perspective.

At the outset, I would like to reiterate our full support for the Co-Chairs’ approach to discuss individual models in this session. This will allow us to deepen our understanding of each other’s positions and help to identify common ground, which we cannot develop by simply repeating the well-known fixed position of each Member State.

Like other delegations we thank Mexico and Liechtenstein for presenting their models today. Both models certainly deserve recognition for their genuine attempt to address the persistent inequalities within the existing SC structure. However, as with any ambitious endeavor, there remain notable concerns and open questions that should be taken into account.

First, on improved geographical representation. This is a matter that requires frank consideration. Many underrepresented regions have expressed a clear desire for increased representation in both the permanent and non-permanent membership categories. The creation of a new category for longer-term, but non-permanent membership, we believe, does not fully meet the expectations of the majority of Member States (as expressed so far in discussions).

Second, there are unintended consequences. Both proposed models would lead to even more nations to undergo lengthy election competitions, resulting in heightened political maneuvering, lobbying, and bargaining to secure SC membership.

Third and finally, a more general remark. One of the central pillars of both models is the advocacy of creating a more democratic and regionally balanced decision-making body through an increased representation via additional non-permanent members.

We believe it crucial to recall what the UN Charter stipulates in this regard. The UN Charter also points to the contributions of Member States to the maintenance of international peace and security as a primary consideration for membership.

We consider it important that new members possess the intention, the capacity and a proven record to fulfill this role effectively.

In summary, while the aspiration for greater representation within the Security Council is legitimate and overdue, reform must be approached with a judicious mindset. Consequently, any reform of international governance necessitates careful consideration of the interests of the majority of Member States to ensure its effectiveness and fairness.

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