In countries affected by war, citizens often perceive police forces as a potential threat. Building a well-trained, democratically-controlled and effective police force that respects the rule of law is therefore essential to rebuild trust and foster durable peace. It also helps to prevent future conflicts.
Germany is a strong promoter of the development of effective police forces around the world. Law enforcement officers from Germany are currently taking part in fourteen EU and UN Missions around the world, from Somalia to Kosovo. In addition, German police are involved in bilateral and multilateral training missions, including in the
German Police Project Team (GPPT) in Afghanistan.
However, police engagement is more than simply sending officers, it also means capacity building and trading. Especially in peacebuilding missions it is essential to for police to establish trust with the local community and third parties can help facilitate that trust.
Currently, there are around 11,000 UN Police Officer deployed to 12 special political missions or peacekeeping missions. These officers are seen as a crucial part of UN peace operations. Since the early 1990s, UN police missions have increasingly taken over mentoring and training functions in addition to their traditional monitoring activities, thus offering peace operations the opportunity to act as a corrective mechanism with domestic police and other law enforcement agencies.