Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty was signed in 1968 and went into effect in 1970. Since then, it has been the cornerstone of nonproliferation around the world. Germany’s goal is to make sure this treaty remains at the center of nonproliferation efforts and that UN member states continue to abide by it.
Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
In April 2013, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), a milestone in the global endeavor to advance arms control and international security. The ATT lays down internationally binding rules and common minimum standards for arms exports. Germany was among the first countries to sign the treaty on June 3, 2013 and ratified it shortly thereafter.
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
The CTBT was adopted by UN Resolution in 1996. This treaty prohibits all nuclear weapon tests as well as other nuclear explosions wherever they occur – underground, under water and in the atmosphere. There is a general consensus that the CTBT comprises any explosive nuclear chain reaction, no matter how small (“zero yield”). It does not include what are known as subcritical experiments that do not lead to explosive chain reactions.
Together with Algeria, Germany moreover currently serves as co-president of the so-called Article IVX process, which actively supports the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty’s entry into force.