Statement by Current and Former EU Members of the UN Security Council (Estonia, France, Ireland and Belgium, Germany) on Syria, February 9, 2021

09.02.2021 - Press release

Check Against Delivery

Delivered by Estonia

I deliver this statement on behalf of the three European Union Members of the Security Council: Estonia, France, and Ireland; and Belgium and Germany, as former EU members to the Council.

Today, the Security Council was briefed by the Special Envoy Geir Pedersen on the political situation in Syria, and the latest round of the Constitutional Committee, which took place at the end of January in Geneva.

Unfortunately, despite five rounds of discussions over the past year and a half, we regret that no substantial progress has been made at these meetings towards the drafting of a constitutional reform, in line with Security Council resolution 2254.

We regret that the Syrian regime continues to obstruct the process, refusing to engage constructively on the proposals of the Special Envoy and of the Syrian opposition. As a result, there is still no drafting of a constitutional reform. The Syrian regime has not even allowed for an agreement on effective working methods, and setting an agenda to organize Committee’s work in a meaningful way. There is no scheduled date for a next meeting. As noted by the Special Envoy – it cannot continue like this.

The Syrian regime must genuinely engage in a credible political process. We fully support the efforts of the Special Envoy to implement all elements of resolution 2254, including the release of detainees and status of missing persons; as well as organizing free, fair and transparent elections, administered under UN supervision, and with all Syrian people eligible to participate, including members of the diaspora. We will not recognize elections that are not in line with the conditions set out in resolution 2254.

We reiterate that the EU and its Member States are determined to continue their support to the Syrian people; we look forward to the fifth Brussels Conference on “Supporting the future of Syria and the region” at the end of March. We reiterate the EU position that there will be no funding of reconstruction, unless a comprehensive, genuine and inclusive political transition, in line with Security Council resolution 2254, is firmly underway.

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