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Thanks to our briefers – to Under Secretary-General DiCarlo, for presenting the Secretary General’s report on the ongoing implementation of UNSCR 2231, to Ambassador van Oosterom for his update as facilitator of the 2231 format, and to the Acting Head of the EU Delegation to the UN for the update on behalf of High Representative Federica Mogherini on the JCPoA Procurement Working Group.
Germany welcomes the thorough, well-evidenced and balanced report of the SG on the ongoing implementation of UNSCR 2231. The SG’s report is a key contribution to monitoring compliance with UNSCR 2231 and we consider the current scope and methodology of the report with a focus on Annex B to be appropriate.
Germany also welcomes the update on the activities of the Procurement Channel and remains fully committed to the Procurement Channel process.
It is important to recall that UNSCR 2231 endorses the JCPoA. The JCPoA strengthens the NPT and is an important contribution to the global non-proliferation architecture. It is also an important asset for security in the region and beyond.
Preserving the JCPoA is, therefore, in our national and shared European security interest.
Our position remains unchanged: Along with our European partners Germany remains committed to the JCPoA, provided Iran stays in full compliance with its JCPoA commitments. In this context, we note that according to the IAEA, Iran is abiding by the nuclear-related restrictions of the JCPoA, as stated in the IAEA’s latest quarterly report, of 12 November 2018. We expect from Iran to continue to fully implement its commitments under the JCPoA. In turn, Germany, together with the remaining participants, is committed to take necessary steps to ensure that Iran continues to receive economic benefits from sanctions relief.
The full and effective implementation of UNSCR 2231, Annex B, in all its aspects is equally important for regional and international stability. We encourage all states to continue taking appropriate steps to ensure respect for and compliance with the provisions contained in Annex B.
Germany agrees with the Secretary-General that the issues not directly related to the nuclear deal should be addressed without prejudice to preserving the agreement. These issues can be most effectively addressed while the nuclear deal remains in place.
Regarding arms transfers and ballistic missile activity, the findings of the SG give rise to serious concern. These activities have a destabilizing effect in the region and also negatively affect our European security interests.
Germany is concerned about Iran continuing to advance the scope and precision of its ballistic missile arsenal. We assess that Iran’s programme to develop ballistic missiles continues to be inconsistent with paragraph 3 of Annex B of resolution 2231 (2015).
Let me just recall the latest Iranian test of a Medium Range Ballistic Missile on 1 December, which we have condemned in a national press statement and which Iran has only belatedly acknowledged on 11 December, as well as the Iranian missile strike on targets in Syria on 1 October. This ballistic missile activity is destabilising and increases regional tensions. Furthermore, we strongly condemn the messages written on the missiles fired on 1 October, as reported in Iranian and international media, which threatened the United States of America, Israel, and the Saudi royal family. This aggressive rhetoric is unacceptable.
We call on Iran not to conduct any further ballistic missile launches and related activities inconsistent with UNSCR 2231 and to refrain from unacceptable rhetoric accompanying these activities.
We also note with concern the indications in the SG’s report for the transfer of ballistic missile technology by IRN to the Houthis in Yemen. These transfers constitute breaches of UNSCRs 2231 and 2216. Furthermore, this proliferation of missile technology endangers the delicate peace process in Yemen and destabilizes the whole region.
We strongly call on Iran to refrain from any transfers of ballistic missiles, missile components or missile technology as well as transfers of any other arms and related material from Iran and to fully respect UNSCR 2231, Annex B.
Germany remains fully committed to the JCPoA and to the successful implementation of UNSCR 2231 by all states. We call on all states and, in particular, on IRN to fully implement Annex B of UNSCR 2231. We urge Iran to make greater efforts to build trust with its neighbours and to play a more constructive role in the region. Together with our European partners Germany stands ready to continue the dialogue with Iran and the countries in the region to work towards lasting political solutions.