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Germany extends its thanks to the Secretary General for his fifth report on the implementation of UNSCR 2231. We welcome the report as an key contribution to monitoring compliance with UNSCR 2231, with a focus on Annex B.
We would like to recall that UNSCR 2231 endorses the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA). The JCPoA is a nuclear agreement building on and strengthening the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. It is an important contribution to security in the region and beyond. The JCPoA remains crucial for our national and shared European security interest, as well.
We regret the decision by the United States of America to withdraw from the JCPoA.
Our position is clear: Along with our European partners, we will remain committed to the JCPoA, as long as Iran stays in compliance with its own JCPoA commitments. We urge all sides, including Iran, to act in a spirit of responsibility and remain fully committed to the nuclear deal. In this context, we note that according to the IAEA, Iran is abiding by the nuclear-related restrictions of the JCPoA, as stated in the IAEA’s latest quarterly report, of 24 May 2018.
The full and effective implementation of UNSCR 2231, Annex B, in all its aspects is equally important for regional and international security. We encourage all states to continue taking appropriate steps to ensure respect for and compliance with the provisions contained in Annex B.
Regarding arms transfers and ballistic missile activity, the findings of the Secretary-General give rise to serious concern.
We have followed the investigation by the UN Panel of Experts on Yemen and the UN Secretariat regarding missile attacks against locations in Saudi Arabia, in particular strikes against Yanbu in July 2017 and Riyadh in November 2017. Since then, further missiles have been launched from Yemen against cities in Saudi Arabia.
We note with concern the conclusions of the UN Panel of Experts on Yemen report which found Iranian non-compliance with the arms embargo established by paragraph 14 of UNSC Resolution 2216. In the present UNSCR 2231 implementation report, the Secretary-General also concludes that ballistic missile technology used by the Houthis in Yemen was transferred to Yemen from Iran.
Furthermore, the present report points to ongoing investigations regarding a number of alleged arms deliveries by Iran to recipients in the Middle East.
We call on Iran to refrain from any transfers of ballistic missiles, missile components or missile technology as well as transfers of any other arms and related materiel from Iran, as such actions by Iran would be contrary to the relevant, binding provisions of UNSCR 2231, Annex B.
Germany remains deeply concerned by the development of Iran's ballistic missile programme. Iran has performed tests and launches of ballistic missiles inconsistent with UNSCR 2231. We call upon Iran not to conduct any further ballistic missile launches and related activities, and to fully respect UNSCR 2231.
Arms transfers by Iran as well as the advancement of its missile programme have a highly destabilizing effect in the region and also affect our European security interests.
We call on Iran to make greater efforts to invest in building trust with its neighbours in the region. This may be a difficult road, but the alternative will only be an increase in tensions and a growing risk of regional escalation. Therefore, we strongly urge Iran to play a more constructive role and to contribute to finding lasting political solutions in the region.
Germany remains firmly committed to the successful implementation of the UNSCR 2231 by all states and will continue to actively support this important long-term endeavor.
Thank you, Mr President.